Health Policies in India and its Implementation


Following the pandemic India, a developing nation with limited resources, has created a number of policies to expand its healthcare system. The government has not only changed existing policies to better suit the times, but it has also boldly introduced new ones. The article’s goal is to discuss some policies with their goals and objectives that occasionally make the news.

National Health Mission[1]:The Mission was launched through a cabinet decision vide the cabinet decisesion on the 1st of May 2013. Under the mission the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is sub mission for the rural areas of the country.[2]

The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) are two sub-missions of the National Health Mission (NHM). Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal, Child, and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases are the three main programmatic components. According to the NHM, everyone will be able to access fair, affordable, and high-quality healthcare services that are accountable and sensitive to the needs of their patients. The Cabinet approved the continuation of the National Health Mission at its meeting on March 21, 2018, with effect from April 1, 2017, to March 31, 2020. The aim of NHM is to reflect equity, quality, efficiency, and responsiveness. Among other goals some of them are prevention of Anaemia, Kala azar, Leprosy, Malaria in India.

[Image Sources : Shutterstock]

Health policy

The Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) is a significant initiative that focuses on early detection and early intervention for kids from birth to 18 years old to address the four “D’s”: defects at birth, deficiencies, diseases, and developmental delays, including disability. Early diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, including deficiencies, have an added benefit in preventing the development of more severe and incapacitating forms of these conditions.

The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram: Adolescent participation and leadership, equity and inclusion, gender equity, and strategic partnerships with other sectors and stakeholders are the program’s guiding principles. The programme enables all teenagers in India to reach their full potential by helping them access the services and support they need to make wise decisions about their health and wellbeing.

The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) was introduced with the intention of addressing regional disparities in the accessibility of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services as well as enhancing the country’s resources for high-quality medical education by establishing various institutions like AIIMS and upgrading government medical college facilities.

Due to the extreme income disparities, the government has started a number of programmes to assist the nation’s economically disadvantaged class. As 3.2 crore people in India spend their own money on healthcare each year, they are considered to be living below the national poverty line. Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi, the government’s most significant programme, offers financial aid to patients who are below the poverty line and have life-threatening illnesses so they can receive treatment at any government-run super specialty hospital or institution.

The National Tobacco Control Programme was established with the goal of increasing public awareness of the detrimental effects of tobacco use, of tobacco control laws, and of how to effectively implement these laws.

The goal of the Integrated Child Development Service is to improve the nutrition and health status of children between the ages of 0 and 6 years, lay the groundwork for the child’s proper psychological, physical, and social development, and effectively coordinate and implement policy among the various departments. It also aims to increase the mother’s capacity to take care of her child’s regular health and nutrition needs by providing her with appropriate nutrition and health education.

The government of India’s revised national TB control programme is a state-run tuberculosis prevention programme with the goal of making India TB-free. Through the government health system, the programme offers various high-quality, no-cost tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment services across the nation.

 National Health Policy 2017[3] The 2017 National Health Policy’s main goal is to better inform, clarify, prioritise, and strengthen the government’s role in forming health systems in all of their aspects, including investments in healthcare, the organization of healthcare services, the prevention of diseases and promotion of good health through cross-sectoral actions, access to technologies, human resource development, encouraging medical pluralism, knowledge base building, and better financial protection strategies.

The National Health Policy of India (2017) aims to raise public health spending to 2.5% of GDP by 2025.13 The Policy places a focus on increased investment in primary and preventative healthcare, access to secondary and tertiary care, financial protection, and the provision of free medications, diagnostics, and emergency care services at all public hospitals. The Policy also contemplates collaboration with the private sector, including the use of financial and non-financial incentives to promote participation.

Ayushman Bharat[4]  In order to realise the goal of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the Government of India’s flagship programme, Ayushman Bharat, was introduced as advised by the National Health Policy 2017. This programme was created to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their core principle, “leave no one behind.”

Ayushman Bharat represents an effort to transition from a sectoral and segmented approach to the delivery of health services to a comprehensive need-based approach. This programme aims to implement ground-breaking interventions to holistically address the healthcare system at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels (covering prevention, promotion, and ambulatory care).

The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY):[5] Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY is the largest health assurance programme in the world. It aims to give over 12 crore poor and vulnerable families—roughly 55 crore beneficiaries—who make up the bottom 40% of the Indian population a health cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation.

National AYUSH Mission (NAM)[6] The National AYUSH Mission (NAM), which will be carried out by States and UTs, was launched during the 12th Plan by the Department of AYUSH in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India. The main goal of NAM is to support AYUSH medical systems by strengthening educational systems, enforcing quality control of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani, and Homoeopathic (ASU &H) medications, and ensuring the long-term availability of ASU & H raw materials. It anticipates flexible programme implementation, which will result in significant participation from the UT and State Governments. The NAM envisions the creation of both a National Mission and equivalent Missions at the State level. The Department’s outreach in terms of planning, supervising, and monitoring the schemes is likely to significantly improve with NAM.


For a better implementation of the polities in a recent instance the Prime Minister announced the launch of the National Digital Health Mission[7] in his speech to the nation on the 74th anniversary of India’s independence.  In order to support clinical decision-making and provide services like telemedicine, the Mission aims to develop a management mechanism to process digital health data and facilitate its seamless exchange, register public and private facilities, healthcare service providers, laboratories, and pharmacies, and support clinical decision-making. The health system may become more evidence-based, open, and effective as a result of NDHM. In addition to allowing patients to share their health profiles with providers for treatment and monitoring, the government’s push towards digitization will also give them access to accurate data about the qualifications and costs of the services provided by various medical facilities, providers, and diagnostic labs.

Through diligent NDHM implementation, it is anticipated that the health sector will be able to unlock an additional economic value of more than USD 200 billion over the course of the next ten years. This can be made possible by three key changes: an increase in the demand for healthcare services, particularly the desire for early treatment of NCDs; an improvement in the standard of care made possible by digital health (a shift from volume-based to value-based healthcare); and the simplification of multi stakeholder processes and interactions through the use of a comprehensive health information system. Together, these factors will increase efficiency, reduce costs, and ultimately improve productivity and health outcomes.

Author: sukanya nema, in case of any queries please contact/write back to us via email to or at Khurana & Khurana, Advocates and IP Attorney.

[1] 56987532145632566578.pdf (

[2] NHM_more_information.pdf

[3] National Health Policy, 2017. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Government of India. Retrieved February 23, 2021 from health_policy_2017.pdf.

[4] NHA | Official website Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (

[5] About PM-JAY – National Health Authority | GOI (

[6] National-AYUSH-Mission-.pdf

[7] National Digital Health Mission. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Government of India. Retrieved January 11, 2021 from

Leave a Reply



  • July 2024
  • June 2024
  • May 2024
  • April 2024
  • March 2024
  • February 2024
  • January 2024
  • December 2023
  • November 2023
  • October 2023
  • September 2023
  • August 2023
  • July 2023
  • June 2023
  • May 2023
  • April 2023
  • March 2023
  • February 2023
  • January 2023
  • December 2022
  • November 2022
  • October 2022
  • September 2022
  • August 2022
  • July 2022
  • June 2022
  • May 2022
  • April 2022
  • March 2022
  • February 2022
  • January 2022
  • December 2021
  • November 2021
  • October 2021
  • September 2021
  • August 2021
  • July 2021
  • June 2021
  • May 2021
  • April 2021
  • March 2021
  • February 2021
  • January 2021
  • December 2020
  • November 2020
  • October 2020
  • September 2020
  • August 2020
  • July 2020
  • June 2020
  • May 2020
  • April 2020
  • March 2020
  • February 2020
  • January 2020
  • December 2019
  • November 2019
  • October 2019
  • September 2019
  • August 2019
  • July 2019
  • June 2019
  • May 2019
  • April 2019
  • March 2019
  • February 2019
  • January 2019
  • December 2018
  • November 2018
  • October 2018
  • September 2018
  • August 2018
  • July 2018
  • June 2018
  • May 2018
  • April 2018
  • March 2018
  • February 2018
  • January 2018
  • December 2017
  • November 2017
  • September 2017
  • August 2017
  • July 2017
  • June 2017
  • May 2017
  • April 2017
  • March 2017
  • February 2017
  • January 2017
  • December 2016
  • November 2016
  • October 2016
  • September 2016
  • August 2016
  • July 2016
  • June 2016
  • May 2016
  • April 2016
  • March 2016
  • February 2016
  • January 2016
  • December 2015
  • November 2015
  • October 2015
  • September 2015
  • August 2015
  • July 2015
  • June 2015
  • May 2015
  • April 2015
  • March 2015
  • February 2015
  • January 2015
  • December 2014
  • November 2014
  • October 2014
  • September 2014
  • August 2014
  • July 2014
  • May 2014
  • April 2014
  • March 2014
  • February 2014
  • January 2014
  • December 2013
  • November 2013
  • October 2013
  • September 2013
  • August 2013
  • July 2013
  • June 2013
  • May 2013
  • April 2013
  • March 2013
  • February 2013
  • January 2013
  • December 2012
  • November 2012
  • September 2012
  • August 2012
  • July 2012
  • June 2012
  • May 2012
  • April 2012
  • March 2012
  • February 2012
  • January 2012
  • December 2011
  • November 2011
  • October 2011
  • September 2011
  • August 2011
  • July 2011
  • June 2011
  • May 2011
  • April 2011
  • February 2011
  • January 2011
  • December 2010
  • September 2010
  • July 2010
  • June 2010
  • May 2010
  • April 2010